真人麻将


集团简史

中国太平保险集团发展简史

  前言  

ZUOWEIZHONGGUOLISHIZUIWEIYOUJIUDEBAOXIANGONGSI,ZHONGGUOTAIPINGBAOXIANJITUAN91NIANDEFENGYULICHENG,JIANZHENGLEZHONGGUOBAOXIANYEDEXINGSHUAICHENFU,CHENGJILEZHONGGUOBAOXIANYEDEFENGHOUJIDIAN,SHIZHONGGUOMINZUBAOXIANSHIYEDANSHENG、CHENGZHANGYUFAZHANDESUOYING。

ZHONGGUOTAIPINGBAOXIANJITUANDEQIYUANKEYIZHUISUDAOERSHISHIJIERSANSHINIANDAI。ZHEIYISHIQI,BANSUIZHONGGUOMINZUBAOXIANYEDEXINGQI,TAIPINGBAOXIAN、ZHONGGUOBAOXIANHEMINANBAOXIANDENGSANDAPINPAIXIANHOUCHUANGLI,BINGQUDELECHUBUFAZHAN。

1929NIAN11YUE,TAIPINGSHUIHUOBAOXIANGONGSIYOUDANGSHIYOUMINGDE"BEISIXING"ZHIYIDEJINCHENGYINXINGDUZIZAISHANGHAICHUANGJIAN。1934NIANHOU,TAKAISHIJITUANHUAJINGYING,BINGZHUJIANFAZHANWEIJIEFANGQIANWOGUOGUIMOZUIDADEHUASHANGBAOXIANQIYEZHIYI。

1931NIAN11YUE,ZHONGGUOBAOXIANGONGSIYOUZHONGGUOYINXINGBOZIYUSHANGHAICHENGLI。DAOXINZHONGGUODANSHENGQIANXI,TAYIFAZHANCHENGWEIDANGSHIGUIMOZUIDA、SHILIZUIQIANGDEBAOXIANGONGSI,JIGOUBIANJIGUONEIZHUYAODAZHONGCHENGSHI,YIJIXIANGGANG、XINJIAPO、YUENAN、MALAIXIYA、YINNI、TAIGUO、MIANDIANHEYINGGUODENGDI。

1943NIAN11YUE,YOUGUANGDAHUAXINGHEMINSHENGSHIYEGONGSIGONGTONGTOUZISHELIDEMINANCHANWUBAOXIANGUFENYOUXIANGONGSIZAIZHONGQINGZHENGSHIKAIYE。1949NIAN10YUE,YOUMINANCHANWUBAOXIANXIANGGANGFENGONGSIGAIZHICHENGLIDEXIANGGANGMINANBAOXIANYOUXIANGONGSIZHENGSHIKAIYE。

91NIANLAI,CONGLIZUHUSHANG,CHAOYONGXIANGJIANG,DAOYANGFANHAIWAI,ZAIDAOHUIGUIZUGUODALU,HUIJULEYITIAOZHONGGUOMINZUBAOXIANYEFAZHANDELISHIZHANGHE。RONGHELESANGESHENGSHENGBUXIDEYOUJIUMINZUPINPAIDENEIZAIJINGSHENYUQIANGDALILIANG。

  创办发展时期(1929-1949)  

太平品牌——中国民族保险业的代表

YI、TAIPINGPINPAIDECHUCHUANGYUFAZHAN

1929NIAN11YUE20RI,JINCHENGYINXINGZAISHANGHAIDUZIZHUCETAIPINGSHUIHUOBAOXIANGONGSI,ZHUCEZIBENJIN100WANYUAN(SHISHOU50WANYUAN),GONGSIYOUQIANXINZHIRENDONGSHIZHANG,JINCHENGYINXINGXINGZHANGZHOUZUOMINRENZONGJINGLI,DINGXUENONGRENDIYIXIELI,WANGBOHENGRENDIERXIELI。TAIPINGSHUIHUOBAOXIANGONGSIYITAIJITUXINGWEISHANGBIAO,QUQI"SHENGSHENGBUXI"ZHIYI,LIANGCHULE"TAIPINGBAOXIAN,BAOXIANTAIPING"DEXUANCHUANKOUHAO。TAIPINGSHIYEYOUCIFADUAN。

1930NIAN2YUE19RI,TAIPINGSHUIHUOBAOXIANGONGSIZHENGSHIKAIYE,ZONGBUSHEZHIYUSHANGHAIJIANGXILU212HAOJINCHENGYINXINGDASHA(XIANJIANGXIZHONGLU200HAO)。KAIYECHUQI,TAIPINGSHUIHUOBAOXIANGONGSIFENBIEZAINANJING、HANKOU、TIANJIN、GUANGZHOU、JINAN、ZHENGZHOUHEHAERBIN7GEDIQUSHELILEFENGONGSI;ZAISHENYANGSHELILE1JIAZHIGONGSI、ZAIBEIPING、HANGZHOU、JIUJIANG、SUZHOU、QINGDAO、ZHENJIANG、ZHANGSHAHEXINPUSHELILEDAILICHU,QIYUGESHENGSHICHENGZHENJUNYOUJIAOTONG、JINCHENG、DALU、ZHONGNANHEGUOHUADENGWUJIAYINXINGDETEYUEDAILIZONGJIYUE290YUCHU。YUANGONGRENSHUDA200REN。TAIPINGSHUIHUODEYEWUYISHUIXIAN、HUOXIAN、CHUANQIAOBAOXIANHEQICHEBAOXIANDENGWEIZHU,TONGSHIZHUOLIANGBANLI"BOLI"、"YOUBAO"、"XINGDONG"HE"JIANSHA"DENGXIANZHONG。TAIPINGSHUIHUOBAOXIANGONGSICAIQUWENJIAN、YANJINDEJINGYINGSHOUFAGUANLIGONGSI,YIKAOJINCHENGYINXINGFAZHANDAILIYEWU,RUIYIKAITUOZIYINGYEWU。GONGSIFENZHIJIGOUHEDAILIWANGDIANBIANBUHUANANGEDACHENGSHI,JINERSHEZUNANYANGSHICHANG,CHENGWEIHUANANBAOXIANYEZHONGGUIMOZUIDADEMINYINGGONGSI,YOUSHIWAISHANGTONGYEGUAMUXIANGKAN,CONGCIBUZAIMIAOSHIHUASHANGBAOXIAN。

TAIPINGSHUIHUOBAOXIANDEKUAISUFAZHANXIYINLAILEDAPIDETOUZIZHE。1933NIAN,JINCHENGYINXINGNIJIANGTAIPINGSHUIHUOBAOXIANKUODAJINGYING,ERQITASHANGWEISHEZUBAOXIANYEDEYINXINGYEZHENGYUEYUEYUSHI。YUSHI,JINCHENGYINXINGYAOJIJIAOTONG、DALU、ZHONGNANHEGUOHUADENGSIJIAYINXINGJIARUTAIPING,ZIBENJINKUODAWEI500WANYUAN(SHISHOU300WANYUAN)。CICIZENGZIKUOGUSHENGSHIHAODA,CHENGWEIDANGSHIJINRONGJIEYIDASHENGSHI。1933NIAN7YUE,GONGSIGAIZUWANCHENG。TONGSHI,JIANGGONGSIMINGCHENGZHONGDE"SHUIHUO"LIANGZISHANQU,GAICHENGTAIPINGBAOXIANGONGSI,BINGZENGBANRENSHOU、YIWAIDENGBAOXIANYEWU。GAIGONGSIHAIJIARULEGUOJIBAOXIANGONGHUI。

TAIPINGBAOXIANGONGSICHENGGONGGAIZUZHIHOU,CHUANGLILEZEQUANFENSHE、NEIKONGYANGEDEGUANLITIZHIHENEIKONGFANGSHI,WEIGONGSIYIHOUDEGUIFAN、KUAISUFAZHANDIANDINGLEZHONGYAOJICHU。GAIZUHOUDETAIPINGBAOXIANGONGSI,SUOYOUDONG、JIANSHIJUNYOUGUDONGYINXINGDEGAOJIZHIYUANDANREN,GONG19REN,DONGSHIHUICHENGYUANBAOKUOSHIRENZHONGYANGYINXINGZONGCAIDEKONGXIANGXI、ZHONGNANYINXINGDONGSHIZHANGHUANGYIZHU、JIAOTONGYINXINGZONGJINGLITANGSHOUMIN、JINCHENGYINXINGZONGJINGLIZHOUZUOMINDENG。TAIPINGBAOXIANDONGSHIZHANGYOUZHONGNANYINXINGDONGSHIZHANGHUANGYIZHUDANREN、ZONGJINGLIYOUJINCHENGYINXINGZONGJINGLIZHOUZUOMINDANREN,DINGXUENONGRENDIYIXIELI,WANGBOHENGRENDIERXIELI。BINGYOUMEIXINGZHIPAIJIHE1REN,MEIXINGQIDAOZONGGONGSIKAIHUIYICI,SUISHISHENCHAZHANGMU,JICHAYEWU。RUYOUJINGYINGGUANLIJIANYIHUOZIXUNSHI,YIKEXIANZAIJIHEHUIYISHANGTICHU。ZAIJING、HAN、JIN、HA、LU、YUELIUGEQUYUNEI,YOUSHEQUJIHEZHIDU,YOUGUDONGYINXINGFANGMIANZHIDINGDEQUJIHE6REN,FENBIEYUGEFENGONGSIRENYUANDINGSHIJUXINGHUIYI。QUJIHEDEZHIZEHEZUOYONG,YUZONGGONGSIDEJIHEXIANGTONG,SUOYOULIUJIAGUDONGYINXINGYUSIXINGCHUXUHUIDEGEDIFENZHIXING、HUI,JUNYOUZONGGONGSIYUZHIDINGLIQIYUE,WEITUOWEIGONGSIDEYEWUDAILIREN,ZHEIYANG,BASUOYOULIUXINGYIHUIDEFANGKUANYUYAHUISHANGDEBAOXIANYEWUTONGTONGWANGLUOZAINEI。TAIPINGBAOXIANCONGCIBURULEDAXINGHUASHANGBAOXIANGONGSIDEXINGLIE。

ER、KAIZHANJITUANHUAJINGYING,DIANDINGJINGZHENGSHILI

20SHIJISANSISHINIANDAI,BANSUIZHETAIPINGBAOXIANSHIYEDEXUNSUZHUANGDA,CONG1934NIANQIDESANNIANJIAN,TAIPINGBAOXIANGONGSILUXUSHOUGOULEJIJIAHUASHANGBAOXIANGONGSI,KAISHIXIANGJITUANHUADEFANGXIANGMAIJIN,ZHUJIANJIANLILEYITAIPINGWEIHEXINDEJITUANHUAJINGYINGMOSHI。

1934NIANCHU,FENGSHENGBAOXIANGONGSIYINJINGYINGBUSHAN,NIGAIZUGONGSI,JIANGDABUFENGUFENSHOUYUTAIPING,YUTAIPINGHEZUOYINGYE。JINGGUOTANPAN,TAIPINGBAOXIANZUIZHONGSHOUGOULEFENGSHENG。

1935NIAN5YUE,DONGLAIYINXINGJIARU,CHENGWEILETAIPINGBAOXIANDEDILIUGEGUDONG。TONGSHI,DONGLAIYINXINGCHUANGBANDEANPINGBAOXIANGONGSIJINGYINGSHANGFASHENGKUNNAN,YIYOUTAIPINGBAOXIANJIESHOUHEBING。

WEILEJIAQIANGLINGDAOHEGUANLI,1935NIAN5YUE,TAIPING、ANPINGHEFENGSHENG3JIABAOXIANGONGSISHELILETAIPINGANPINGFENGSHENGZONGJINGLICHU,TONGNIAN10YUE,TAIANFENGZONGJINGLICHUCHUANGBANLE《TAIANFENGBAOXIANJIE》ZAZHI,YIWEIGONGSIZHANGMU。GAIZAZHIZIDIWUJUANQIGENGMINGWEI《BAOXIANJIE》,CHUANGBANSHUNIANJIAN,DUIKUODAGONGSIDEYINGXIANGQIDAOLELIANGHAOZUOYONG。

1936NIAN5YUE,ZHONGGUOKENYEYINXINGTOUZIKAIBANDEZHONGGUOTIANYIBAOXIANGONGSIYINWURENGUANLI,YEZUOJIAZHUANRANGJITAIPINGBAOXIANJIEBAN。TONGNIAN,YUANTAIPINGANPINGFENGSHENGZONGJINGLICHUGAIWEITAIPINGANPINGFENGSHENGTIANYIZONGJINGLICHU,JIZHONGGUANLI4JIAGONGSIDESUOYOUSHIWU。SHANGSHU3JIAGONGSIDUIWAIRENGBAOLIUYUANLAIDEPAIHAO,GEDIDEFENZHIJIGOUJIDAILICHURENGJIXUYINGYE。ZONGJINGLICHUSHEZAITAIPINGBAOXIANZONGGONGSINEI,TAIPINGBAOXIANGONGSIZONGXIELIJIANREN"TAIANFENGTIANZONGJINGLICHU"ZONGXIELI。ZHEIYANG,TAIPINGBAOXIANZHIXUYONGYITAOGUANLIRENMALAICHULI4GEGONGSIDEYEWU。ZHEIZHONGOUMEITUOLASIXINGZHIDEGUANLIXINGSHI,ZAIDANGSHIZHONGWAIBAOXIANGONGSIZHONGDUSHUYIZHI,WEIYEJIESUOZHUMU。ZHICI,ZHONGGUOBAOXIANSHICHANGCHUXIANLEYITAIPINGBAOXIANGONGSIWEIHEXINDEBAOXIANJINGYINGJITUAN。

CHENGWEIJITUANGONGSIHOU,TAIPINGBAOXIANBUDANZIJINSHILIDAZENG,ERQIEYEWULIANXIGENGWEIGUANGFAN,SUOYOULIUJIAGUDONGYINXINGJISIXINGCHUXUHUIDEGEDIFENZHIXING、HUI,JUNYOUZONGGONGSIYUZHIDINGLIQIYUE,WEITUOWEIGONGSIYEWUDAILIREN。TONGGUOZHEIZHONGFANGSHI,LIUXINGYIHUISUOYOUFANGKUANYUYAHUIDEBAOXIANYEWUQUANBUJIAOYOUTAIPINGBAOXIANJITUANCHENGBAO,TAIPINGBAOXIANYEWUYINCIPENGBOFAZHAN。TAIPINGBAOXIANCHUZAISHANGHAISHEZONGGONGSIWAI,ZAIJING、HAN、JIN、HA、LUHEYUEDENGLIUDAQUYUDEDAZHONGCHENGSHIGUANGSHEFENZHIGONGSIHUODAILICHU,ZUIDINGSHENGDESHIHOU,QUANGUODAILIWANGDIANZONGSHUDA900YUCHU,HAIZAIXIANGGANG、XINJIAPO、XIGONG、YAJIADAHEMANILADENGDISHELILEFENZHIGONGSI。

JU1939NIANDE《ZHONGGUOBAOXIANNIANJIAN》TONGJI,DANGSHIHUASHANGBAOXIANGONGSIGONGYOU38JIA,ZIBENJINZONGEWEIFABI3665WANYUYUAN,DADUOSHUGONGSIPINGJUNWEI50WANYUANZUOYOU,ERTAIPINGBAOXIANZIBENJINGAODA300WANYUAN,JINCIYUZHONGYANGXINTUOJUBAOXIANBUDE500WANYUAN,WEIJUXINGYEDIER。

SAN、JINJUNZAIBAOXIANYE,GUANGFANKAIZHANFENBAOYEWU

YOUYUMINZUBAOXIANGONGSIDADUOZIBENJINJIAOXIAO,CHENGBAONENGLIHEXIANEYINCISHOUDAOXIANGYINGXIANZHI。WEILEZENGQIANGDUIJUEYEWUDECHENGBAOLILIANG,YIXIEHUASHANGGONGSIKAISHIZOUXIANGLIANHEDEDAOLU。

1933NIAN6YUE,ZHAOTAI、HUAANSHUIHUO、YONGNING、YONGAN、XIANSHIZHIYE、ZHONGGUOHAISHANG、SHANGHAILIANBAO、TONGYIXINTUOGONGSIBAOXIANBUHENINGSHAOSHANGLUNGONGSIBAOXIANBUDENG9JIAGONGSIFAQISHELILEHUASHANGLIANHEBAOXIANGONGSI,BINGBEIGUOMINZHENGFUTEXUWEIJINGYINGFENBAOYEWUDEZHUANYEZAIBAOXIANGONGSI,YEWUZHONGDIANSHIWEIGEBAOXIANGONGSITIGONGFENBAOFUWU。HUASHANGLIANHEBAOXIANGONGSIYURUISHIZAIBAOXIANGONGSIDINGYOUFENBAOQIYUE,JIEJUEYIEZAIBAOXIAN。1934NIAN1YUE,TAIPINGYUZHAOTAI、HUAANSHUIHUO、SHANGHAILIANBAO、NINGSHAOSHANGLUNGONGSIBAOXIANBU、XIANSHIZHIYE、ZHONGGUOHAISHANGYIWAI、YONGNING、LIANTAI9JIAGONGSIZUCHENGLEZHONGGUOCHUANBOBAOXIANLIANHEHUI,ZIXINGZHIDINGHELIDECHUANBOXIANFEILV,JINXINGXIANGHUFENBAO。

1936NIAN,TONGYIGONGSIDAOBI,HUASHANGLIANHEBAOXIANGONGSIZIJINSHOUYANZHONGYINGXIANG,DANGNIANKUISUN2WANYUAN,LIANHEGONGSIMIANLINJIESANDEWEIXIAN。JINGGUOSHUDUJIEQIA,TAIPINGBAOXIANJITUANCHUMIANJICHENGLETONGYIMINGXIADEQUANBUGUFENPIAOMIAN51000YUAN,YOUTAIPINGBAOXIANRENGOU26000YUAN,ANPINGBAOXIANRENGOU25000YUAN。BINGJUCIXIUGAILEHUASHANGLIANHEBAOXIANGONGSIZHANGCHENG,ZENGJIADONGSHIMINGE,YOUTAIPINGBAOXIANCHURENCHANGWUDONGSHIHEDONGSHIZHANG,ZHUCHIGAIGONGSISHIWU,ANPINGGONGSIRENDONGSHI。ZICI,TAIPINGBAOXIANYOUZAIMINZUBAOXIANGONGSIDEZAIBAOXIANLINGYUQUDELEJUZUQINGZHONGDEDIWEI。

ZAICANJIAHUASHANGFENBAOZUZHIDETONGSHI,TAIPINGBAOXIANGONGSIYEYUGUOWAIZAIBAOXIANJIGOUJIANLILEYEWULIANXI。1933NIAN,TAIPINGBAOXIANGONGSIJIYUYIJIARUISHIBAOXIANGONGSISHANGDINGFENBAOXIEYI,CHENGBAOQIBUFENGUOWAIBAOE,SHULIANGSUIWEI,DANPOJUYINGXIANG。TAIPINGBAOXIANRENCENGJINGZHEIYANGZIHAODIMIAOSHUCIYISHIJIAN:"HUASHANGGONGSINENGYOUJIESHOUGUOWAISHENGYIZHIJIHUI,SHOUYOUBENGONGSIKAIYIXIANSHENG,PIYIJINGJI,WEISHIFEIKEYUYUEZHISHIYE。"1936NIAN,TAIPINGBAOXIANYOUYULUNDUNSHICHANGDELAOHESHE、SHIJI、Willis Faber & DumasDENGBAOXIANJITUANDINGLILEHUHUIFENBAOHEYUE。

SI、CHUANGBANTAIPINGRENSHOU,SHIXINGCHANSHOUFENYEJINGYING

1933NIAN7YUE,TAIPINGSHUIHUOZENGZIKUOGU,GUDONGYOUYIBIANWU,ZIBENYOU100WANERZHI500WAN。TONGSHI,HAIJIANGGONGSIMINGZIZHONGDE"SHUIHUO"ERZIQUDIAO,CHOUBANRENSHOUBAOXIANYEWU。JIANYUSHOUXIANYEWUDETESHUXING,DANGNIAN9YUE,DONGSHIHUIJUEDINGRENSHOUBAOXIANBUZHIHUIJIDULI,BINGCONGGONGSIZIBENZHONGTEBOGUOBI100WANYUAN,BEIZUOJUBANSHOUXIANYEWUZHIJIJIN。12YUE,GONGSIZHIDINGZHUANRENKAISHICHOUBEISHIYI。1934NIAN4YUE20RI,RENSHOUBAOXIANBUZHENGSHICHENGLI,BINGZIJIRIQIKAISHIDUIWAIYINGYE,DAONIANDI,YOUXIAOBAOEYIDA170WANYUAN,ZHIHOUZHUNIANZENGJIA,YINGYEFANWEIYIZHUJIANKUOZHANZHIQUANGUO。

TAIPINGSHOUXIANBUXISHOUSHEHUIGEJIERENSHIZUJIANSHOUXIANJIANLIWEIYUANHUI,TUIDONGSHOUXIANYEWUDEFAZHAN。DANGSHI,GUOMINDANGYUANLAOLINSEN、CAIYUANPEIDENGWEISHOUXIANBUKAIYEFENBIETICI"TONGDENGRENSHOU"HE"SHIXINGHUZHU",YISHIZHUHE。TAIPINGBAOXIANJITUANZHONGJINPINQINGLEDANGSHIBEICHENGWEI"ZHONGGUOSANDASHOUXIANJINGSUANSHI"ZHIYIDECHENSIDURENSHOUXIANJINGSUANSHI,YEWUDEDAOXUNSUFAZHAN。

1936NIAN8YUE,TAIPINGBAOXIANSHOUGOUZHONGGUOTIANYIBAOXIAN,TIANYISHOUXIANBUDEQUANBUSHOUXIANQIYUEYEYOUTAIPINGRENSHOUQUANBUCHENGSHOU。

1937NIAN1YUE11RI,DANGSHIDEGUOMINZHENGFUXIUZHENGGONGBU《BAOXIANYEFA》JI《BAOXIANYEFASHIXINGFA》,GUIDINGTONGYIBAOXIANZHUTIBUDEJIANYINGCHANXIANYUSHOUXIAN。ZAI《BAOXIANYEFA》SHIXINGQIANJIANYINGZHE,YINGYU《BAOXIANYEFA》SHIXINGHOULIANGNIANNEIYIFAGAIZU。HUACHUSHOUXIANBU,SHELIDANDUDERENSHOUBAOXIANGONGSINAITISHANGTAIPINGBAOXIANJITUANDEYISHIRICHENG。

TAIPINGSHOUXIANBUCONGYIKAISHIJIUZICHENGJIGOU,YEWUJIHUIJIDULI,BUYUQITAYEWUBUMENXIANGHUNHE,YINCIGAIZUSHOUXUJIAOWEIJIANBIAN。JINGGUOYINIANDUODECHOUBEI,YOUTAIPINGDEGUDONG——JIAOTONG、JINCHENG、DALU、ZHONGNAN、GUOHUA、DONGLAIDENGLIUDAYINXING——LINGXINGRENJIAOGUBEN100WANYUANGUOBI,RANHOULONGZHONGDIZHAOKAILECHUANGLIDAHUI,TUIXUANZHOUZUOMINWEIDONGSHIZHANG,DINGXUENONG、WANGBOHENGWEICHANGWUDONGSHI,XUHANQINGDENG7RENWEIDONGSHI,ZHOUJIYUNDENG5RENWEIJIANCHAREN,BINGCHENGQINGDENGJI。

1938NIAN8YUE10RI,JINGGUOMINZHENGFUJINGJIBUHEZHUN,TAIPINGRENSHOUHUOFAYINGYEZHIZHAO。TONGNIAN12YUE30RI,TAIPINGRENSHOUBAOXIANYOUXIANGONGSIZHENGSHIGONGGAOGAIZUCHENGLI,TAIPINGSHOUXIANBUDEQUANBUZICHANFUZHAIYIJIQIYUESHANGZHIQUANLIYIWU,QUANBUYOUTAIPINGRENSHOUBAOXIANGONGSICHENGSHOU。TONGRI,TAIPINGSHOUXIANBUQUXIAO。TAIPINGRENSHOUBAOXIANYOUXIANGONGSIZONGJINGLIYOUZHOUZUOMINDANREN,DINGXUENONG、WANGBOHENGRENXIELI。TAIPINGRENSHOUSHIFENZHUZHONGCHANPINXUANCHUAN,FAYUAN"WEIYOURENSHOUBAOXIANKEYIJIEJUERENSHENGWENTI",TONGGUOFABUGUANGGAODEXINGSHIXUANCHUANGONGSICHANPIN。TONGSHI,XIANGGONGZHONGJIESHAOXIANJIN、KEXUEDEBAOXIANLINIAN,ZHUBUGENGXINRENMENDESIXIANGGUANNIAN。LISHISHANG,TAIPINGRENSHOUYEKAIFALEDUOZHONGSHOUXIANCHANPIN,FUSHOUXIAN、LIANGQUANBAOXIAN、ZINVJIAOYUJINBAOXIAN,MANZULESHEHUIDEBUTONGXUQIU,CHENGWEIDANGSHISHICHANGREXIAODEXIANZHONG。

TAIPINGRENSHOUBAOXIANYOUXIANGONGSIDEYOUXIAOBAOEYUNIANJUZENG,DAO1938NIANDI,TAIPINGRENSHOUDEYOUXIAOBAOEYIDAGUOBI700WANYUAN。DAO1939NIANDI,ZENGZHIGUOBI1000WANYUAN,1941NIANDI,YOUXIAOBAOEGENGGAODAGUOBI3500YUWANYUAN。ZHICI,TAIPINGRENSHOUYICHENGWEIHUASHANGBAOXIANYEZHONGGUIMOZUIDA、SHILIZUIQIANGHESHICHANGFENEZUIDUODEMINZUBAOXIANGONGSI。

CONG1929NIAN11YUETAIPINGBAOXIANCHUANGLIDAO1938NIANDIFENSHETAIPINGRENSHOUBAOXIANYOUXIANGONGSI,ZHENGZHENG9NIAN。ZHEI9NIANJIAN,CONGTAIPINGBAOXIAN1933NIANDEZENGZIKUOGU、1935NIANKAISHIDEJITUANHUAJINGYING,DAO1938NIANCHUANGSHETAIPINGRENSHOU,JIBENSHANGSHI3NIANKUAYITAIJIE,QIFAZHANZHUANGDAZHIXUNMENG,SHIWEIDANGSHISUOHANJIAN。

ZAIFAZHANGUOCHENGZHONG,TAIPINGRENSHOUTUOSHANCHULIFENBAOCHULUWENTI,FENSANFENGXIAN,ZHUDONGYUHUASHANGGEBAOXIANGONGSIXIESHANGQIANDINGZAIBAOXIANHEYUE,JIECHENGLIANHEZHENXIAN,DIZHIWAISHANGBAOXIANGONGSIDEDIAONANYUKONGZHI。WEILENENGGOUGENGHAODIJIEJUEFENBAOWENTI,TAIPINGRENSHOUXIANHOUPAIZHUANRENFURUISHI、YING、FA、MEI、RIDENGGUOKAOCHAXUEXI,SHENRUDIAOYANGUOJIBAOXIANYEWUFAZHANXINFANGXIANGHEXINJISHUYIJIJINGYANJIAOXUN。TONGSHI,JIAQIANGTAIPINGRENSHOUDEGUOJIXUANCHUAN,KUODAGUOJIYINGXIANG,YINGDEGUOJIBAOXIANSHICHANGXINREN,BINGXIANHOUYURUISHIZAIBAOXIANGONGSIDENGSHUJIASHILIXIONGHOU、XINYUZHUOZHUDEGUOJIBAOXIANHEZAIBAOXIANGONGSIQIANDINGLEFENCHUYUFENRUZAIBAOXIANYEWUDEPINGDENGHUHUIXIEYI。CIJU,BUJINJIDADITIGAOLETAIPINGRENSHOUDEGUOJISHENGYU,GENGWEITAIPINGRENSHOURIHOUYEWUFAZHANTUOZHANLEDAOLU。

1937NIAN,RIBENFADONGDUIHUAQINLVEZHANZHENG,TAIPINGRENSHOUDESHIYESHOUDAOJUDACHONGJI。CISHI,TAIPINGRENSHOUZAIGUONEIGEDACHENGSHIYIJINGJIANLIQILEWANSHANDEJINGYINGWANGLUO,BEIQIHAERBIN,NANDAOXIANGGANG,XIJIEZHONGQING,DONGZHISHANGHAIDOUKAISHEYOUFENZHIJIGOUJIDAILICHU;ZAIGUOWAIXIGONG、BADAWEIYA、XINJIAPO、MANILADENGDIYESHELILEFENZHIGONGSI。SHOUZHANLUANYINGXIANG,CHULEGUOWAIFENZHIGONGSIHEXINANDIQUDEFENZHIJIGOUDEYIXINGMIANZHIWAI,GUONEIDABUFENFENZHIJIGOUZAODAOPOHUAI,YUANGONGDALIANGLIUSHI,JINGYINGCHUYUTANHUANZHUANGTAI。YINCI,ZHEIYISHIQITAIPINGRENSHOUDEJINGYINGZHONGDIANJIZHONGZAILEGUOWAIYEWU,SHOUDAOHAIWAIHUAQIAOJIDANGDIMINZHONGDEHUANYINGHEZHICHI。

WU、ZUZHITAIPINGFENBAOJITUAN,YULUANSHIZHONGKUCHENG

1937NIAN,KANGRIZHANZHENGBAOFA,SHANGHAIZUJIECHENGWEI"GUDAO"。SUIZHEGUOMINZHENGFUXICHE,DAPIGONGSHANGQIYENEIQIAN,XINANDAHOUFANGDEJINGJIYOULEFAZHANDEQIJI,NEIDIBAOXIANYEYEDEYIXIANGYINGFAZHAN。TAIPINGBAOXIANSHIYINGXINGSHIBIANHUAYIZAIZHONGQINGSHELILEZONGJINGLICHU,CHENGYUZONGCHU。PEIDOUZHONGQINGCHENGWEIDAHOUFANGBAOXIANYEDEZHONGXIN,WOGUOMINZUBAOXIANYECHUXIANLEDIERCIFANRONG。

YOUYUWAISHANGBAOXIANGONGSIZHANGQILONGDUANZHONGGUOBAOXIANSHICHANG,JIASHANGHUASHANGBAOXIANGONGSIZIJINDUANQUE,SHILIBORUO,ZHONGGUOMINZUBAOXIANGONGSIDEZAIBAOXIANWENTIYIZHIDOUYILAIWAISHANGBAOXIANGONGSIJIEJUE,ZHUYAOSHIYINGSHANG、MEISHANGJIRUISHIZAIBAOXIANGONGSI。MINZUZAIBAOXIANYEQIBUHENWAN,TAIPINGYANGZHANZHENGBAOFAHOU,HUASHANGBAOXIANGONGSIDUIYINGMEIDENGGUODEFENBAOQUDAOBEIPOZHONGDUAN。SHANGHAIDEHUASHANGBAOXIANGONGSIBIXUZIMOUCHULU,ZUJIANHUASHANGFENBAOJITUAN。

1942NIAN2YUE,TAIPINGBAOXIANGONGSIZAISHANGHAILIANHEBAOLONG、DAYEDENGBAOXIANGONGSIZUCHENGTAIPINGFENBAOJITUAN,DAO7YUE,CHENGYUANGONGSIKUODAZHI19JIA。JINIANNEI,SHANGHAIDEHUASHANGBAOXIANGONGSIXIANGJIZUJIANLEDASHANGHAI、JIULIAN、WULIAN、SHIWULIAN、HUASHANGLIANHEDENGFENBAOJITUAN,JIASHANGTAIPINGFENBAOJITUAN,GONGJI6GE,CANJIAGONGSIDA80JIA。ZAIZHEI6JIAZHONG,TAIPINGFENBAOJITUANPOYOUXIEYUZHONGBUTONG。TAIPINGDANGANDUICIYOURUXIAJIZAI:"JIANGDAOTAIPINGFENBAOJITUANDETEDIAN,JIUSHIYIQIEJITUANSHIYI,JUNYOUTAIPINGYIJIAFUZECHULI,BUSHOUQITAHUIYUANGONGSIDEZHIPEIYUJIEZHI,YUJIULIANJITUANYOUCANJIAGONGSILINGZUBANSHICHUJIDASHANGHAIJITUANZHILINGZUYIGONGSIZHUANSIQISHIZHEYOUXIANZHUQUBIE。HAIYOUTAIPINGYUGUONEIWAITONGYEDINGLIYIEHEYUEFENBAODUOYIHUHUIWEIYUANZE,WEIYINCIERHUODEDEFENRUHEYUEFENBAO,JUNYOUTAIPINGDUJIAJIESHOU,BINGBUNENGFENYUJITUANHUIYUANGONGSI。YINWEIYIZETAMENZILIBORUO,BUYUANFUEWAIDEZEREN;ERZEGUOWAIWUFENZHIJIGOU,YUYOUPEIKUAN,WUFAANYUANBITANFU。"

ZAIJIUZHONGGUO,YUANXIANDEBAOXIANDANSUIYOUZHONG、YINGWENLIANGZHONGWENZI,DANYIDANBAOHUYUGONGSIFASHENGZHENGYI,YILVYIBAODANZHONGDEYINGWENTIAOKUANWEIZHUN,WEICI"TAIPING"LVXIANXIANGWAISHANGBAOXIANYEFANAN,LIZHUFEICHUZHEIYIQISHI、PAIJIHUASHANGBAOXIANYEDEBUGONGPINGDEGUIDING。ZHEIGECHANGYISHOUDAOLEHUASHANGBAOXIANTONGYEDEZANSHANGHEZHICHI,JIJINGLIZHENG,ZHONGYUPOSHIYANGSHANGBAOXIANYEZAIBAODANZHONGSHANCHUZHEIYITIAO,WEIHUASHANGBAOXIANYESHUNLIKAIZHANYEWUCHUANGZAOLEYOULITIAOJIAN。

HUASHANGBAOXIANGONGSIZUJIANFENBAOJITUAN,YOUXIAODIJIEJUELEMINZUBAOXIANYEDEFENGXIANFENSANWENTI,BINGWEIHUASHANGBAOXIANYEZHUBUZIZHUJINGYINGDAXIALEJICHU。

KANGZHANSHENGLIHOU,WUJIAZHOUZHANG,ZHONGGUOBAOXIANYEZAODAOYANZHONGCUICAN,BAOHUDUIJINYUANQUANYISHIQUXINXIN,JISHIYOUTOUBAOYIXIANG,YEZHIYUANYIWAIBIBAOETOUBAOHEJISUANPEIKUAN。YUSHI,GUOYINGBAOXIANGONGSIHEQITAYIXIESHANGYOUYULIDEBAOXIANGONGSI,GAIYIYINYUAN、MEIJINHEGANGBICHENGBAO。TAIPINGFENBAOJITUANYECENGYU1948NIAN7YUE1RIZUZHILEBAOKUO22JIACHENGYUANGONGSIDEWAIBIYEWUJITUAN,YUJIANWEISHISHIZHONGMIANLIZHICHENG,ZHIDAO1949NIANJIEFANGQIANCAIJIESAN。

  中国保险公司——旧官僚保险资本的代表者  

YI、ZHONGGUOBAOXIANGONGSIDECHUQIFAZHAN

1928NIAN,NANJINGGUOMINZHENGFUSHELIZHONGYANGYINXING,ZHONGGUOYINXINGCHENGWEIJINGYINGGUOWAIHUIDUIYEWUDEZHUANYEYINXING。1929NIAN,ZHONGGUOYINXINGFUZONGCAIZHANGJIAAOCHUGUOKAOCHASHI,DUIMEIGUOBAOXIANYEZAIJINGJIDAXIAOTIAOSHIQIWANJIUMEIGUOCAIZHENGJINRONGWEIJIDEZUOYONG,GANSHOUHENSHEN。YINCI,ZHANGHUIGUOHOUXIANGDONGSHIHUIJIANYISHELIZHONGGUOBAOXIANGONGSI,JIEYIBAOZHANGZHONGGUOYINXINGCAICHANJIDAIKUANANQUAN,TONGSHIYEKEYITONGGUOKAIZHANBAOXIANYEWUSHOUQUBAOFEI,ZENGJIASHOURU。DONGSHIHUITONGGUOCIJIANYI,JUEDINGCHENGLIZHONGGUOBAOXIANGONGSI,SHIXINGGUFENYOUXIANZERENZHI,EDINGZIBENGUOBI500WANYUAN(FENWEI5WANGU),XIANSHOUBANSHU,YOUZHONGGUOYINXINGDUJIATOUZI。

1931NIAN11YUE,ZHONGGUOBAOXIANGONGSIZAISHANGHAISICHUANZHONGLU270HAOSHELI,DUIWAIYINGYECHUSHEZAIRENJILU(JINDIANCHILU)DEZHONGXINGXINGZHI。ZHONGXINGSHANGHAIFENXINGZONGJINGLISONGHANZHANG(1872-1968)JIANRENGONGSIDONGSHIZHANG,QUANQUANCAOBANYIQIESHIWU;GUOFUYUNRENZONGJINGLI,CHENBOYUANRENFUZONGJINGLIJIANZONGWUCHUCHUZHANG,SUNZHIGUANGRENFUZONGJINGLIJIANYEWUCHUCHUZHANG;CHANGWUDONGSHIBAOKUOZHANGGONGQUAN、BEIZUYI、PANJIUFENHEWANGZHENSHENG。GEDIZHONGXINGJIGOUJIANZUOZHONGGUOBAOXIANDEJINGLICHUHUOFENXINGJINGLICHU;ZHONGXINGFENXINGJINGLIZECHUMIANJIANRENZHONGGUOBAOXIANDEDAILIREN,YIZHONGXINGLIANGHAOXINYUZUOWEIHOUDUN,XUNSUZHANKAIBAOXIANYEWU。HOUZAICHENGBAOYEWUJIAODUODETIANJIN、JINANHEHANKOUDENGDI,LINGSHEZHUANRENFUZEBAOXIANYEWU。GAIGONGSIYU1944NIAN10YUEFENGGUOMINDANGZHENGFUJINGJIBUZHILING,YIMINGWEIZHONGGUOCHANWUBAOXIANGONGSI。

ZHONGGUOBAOXIANGONGSIYOUYUJUYOUSHILIXIONGHOUDEZHONGGUOYINXINGDETESHUBEIJING,SUOYIYIJINGCHENGLI,JIUXUNMENGFAZHAN,ZAIYEJIEPOYOUHOULAIJUSHANGZHISHI。

ER、CHANSHOUJIANYING,SHICHANGYINGXIANGBUDUANKUODA

ZHONGGUOBAOXIANGONGSIZUICHUYIJINGYINGHUOXIANWEIZHU,DANYINQITAGONGSIDEJILIEJINGZHENG,GONGSIJIBENWULIKETU。TONGGUOSHENRUSHIDIDIAOCHA,ZHONGGUOBAOXIANFAXIAN,SHICHANGSHANGZHUDUOXIANZHONGSHANGWEIKAIBAN,QIANLIJUDA,YUSHIBIANXIANTARENYIBU,LVXIANKAIBANLEJIANZIXIAN、YINCHAOXIAN、YUNSHUXIAN、QICHEXIAN、YOUBAOXIAN、NAINIUXIAN、DIANTIXIAN、JUCHUANGBOLIXIAN、CHUANQIAOXIANHESHUISHANGYUNSHUXIANDENG。LINGWAIHAIFANGXIAOXIFANGBAOXIANYE,KAIBANLEZAIBAOXIANYEWU。ZAIBAOXIANYEWUWEIQIUWENTUO,SHAOMAOFENGXIAN,GONGSICHENGBAOHOU,DUIMEIYIGECHENGBAODEWEIXIANDANWEI,XIANDINGXIAYIGEZONGDEZIFUZERENDESHUE(JIZILIUE),CHAOGUOZHEIXIEXIANEDEYIEZEFENJIQITABAOXIANGONGSIFENBAO,JIZAIBAOXIAN。ZAIBAOXIANRENDUIWEIXIANDANWEIDECHENGSHOUXIANE,YIYUEDINGDEZUIGAOJINEJIYUEDINGCHENGSHOU"BEISHU"WEIXIAN("BEISHU"YOUCHENG"XIANSHU")。ZHONGXINGHEYINGSHANGTAIYANGBAOXIANGONGSIDENGCHENGBAOGONGSI,CHENGDAN20TIAOXIANZHONGDE10TIAO,QIYUYAOJILUNDUNQITABAOXIANGONGSICHENGDAN。1934NIAN,ZHONGGUOBAOXIANHAIYUYINGSHANGTAIYANGBAOXIANGONGSIQIANDINGLEZAIBAOXIANYEWUHETONG。

1933NIAN,ZHONGGUOBAOXIANGONGSIYOUBOCHU50WANYUANZUOWEIRENSHOUBAOXIANBUDEJIJIN,KAISHIJINGYINGRENSHOUBAOXIANYEWU。YEWUZHONGLEIYOUZHONGSHENRENSHOUBAOXIAN、CHUXUBAOXIAN、RENSHENYIWAIBAOXIAN、LAOGONGBAOXIANHEGUZHUZERENBAOXIANDENG12ZHONGZHIDUO。1937NIAN,GUOMINZHENGFUXIUZHENGGONGBU《BAOXIANYEFA》JI《BAOXIANYEFASHIXINGFA》GUIDING,TONGYIBAOXIANYEBUDEJIANYINGCHANXIANYUSHOUXIAN。TONGNIAN,ZHONGGUOBAOXIANGONGSIDERENSHOUBAOXIANBUGAIZUWEIZHONGGUORENSHOUBAOXIANGONGSI,EDINGZIBENGUOBI100WANYUAN,XIANSHOUBANSHU。QIZHONG,ZHONGGUOBAOXIANGONGSITOUZI48.8WANYUAN,ZHONGGUOYINXINGTOUZI1.2WANYUAN。GAIGONGSIKAIYECHUQI,GEDIYEWUJUNWEITUOZHONGGUOYINXINGDAILI,DAILICHUDUODA85CHU。SUIZHEYEWUDEBUDUANFAZHAN、ZHUBUZAIZHONGQING、XIAN、TIANJIN、HANKOU、NANJING、GUANGZHOU、BEIPING、ZHANGSHA、QINGDAO、JINAN、WUHU、NANTONG、YANGZHOUHEKUNMINGDENGDISHELIFENZHIGONGSI,BINGZAIXIANGGANGHEGUOWAIDEXINJIAPO、XIGONG、MANILA、XIANLUO、JILONGPO、LUNDUNHEYANGGUANGDENGDISHELIFENZHIJIGOUHUOJINGLICHU、DAILICHU。ZHONGGUORENSHOUBAOXIANGONGSIDEJIANLI,DUIHUASHANGRENSHOUBAOXIANYEDEFAZHANQILEXIANGDANGDADETUIDONGZUOYONG。

1936NIAN6YUE,ZHONGGUOBAOXIANGONGSIWEICANJIADI11JIEAOYUNHUIDEZHONGGUOTIYUDAIBIAOTUANCHENGBAOLETUANTISHOUXIAN,MEIRENBAOE2000YUAN,TOUBAOQIXIANYIBUFENWEI6GEYUE,YIBUFENWEI4GEYUE。ZHEIYESHIKEYIZAIRUSHICEDESHIWUQIANLIZHISHI。

YOUYUJUYOUZIBENSHILIQIANGDADEGUDONGBEIJING,ZHONGGUOBAOXIANGONGSIDECHUANGLIDADAGAIBIANLEYIWANGHUASHANGBAOXIANGONGSICHANGYINZIJINBUZU、NANYIYUYANGSHANGJINGZHENGDEJUMIAN。ZHONGGUOBAOXIANGONGSICHUANGBANDUANDUAN3NIANJIAN,JIGOUKUOZHANGSUDUHENKUAI。JUTONGJI,JIEZHI1934NIANDI,ZHONGGUOBAOXIANGONGSIZAIQUANGUOFANWEIDEWAIBUJINGLICHU,JIWEI:ZHEJIANG15CHU,JIANGSU12CHU,SHANDONG8CHU,LIAONING、ANHUIGE6CHU,JILIN、HUBEIGE3CHU,JIANGXI、HUNAN、SICHUAN、FUJIAN、GUANGDONG、HEBEI、HENANGE2CHU,HEILONGJIANG1CHU,LINGSHEOUZHOUDAILICHU1CHU(YINGGUOLUNDUNWEILISIGONGSI)。

SAN、ZHONGGUOBAOXIANXIANGGANGFENGONGSIHEXINJIAPOFENGONGSIXIANGJICHENGLI

1937NIANKANGRIZHANZHENGQUANMIANBAOFAHOU,GUOMINZHENGFUQIANDOUZHONGQING,DAPIGONGSHANGQIYEYESUIZHINEIQIAN,XINANDENGDAHOUFANGDEJINGJIYINGLAILEFAZHANQIJI,BAOXIANZHONGXINYEYOUKANGZHANQIANDESHANGHAIZHUANYIDAOLEZHANSHIDEZHONGQING。1945NIANKANGZHANSHENGLIHOU,XUDUOBAOXIANJIGOUFENFENHUIQIANSHANGHAI。ZHONGGUOBAOXIANGONGSIDEJINGLIHENYOUDAIBIAOXING。WEIYINYINGZHANSHISHIJUDEBIANHUA,ZHONGGUOBAOXIANGONGSIZONGGUANLICHUYEYUCIJIANQIANRUSHANGHAIDEYINGZUJIENEI。1941NIAN12YUE,"ZHENZHUGANGSHIJIAN"BAOFAHOU,RIJUNZHANLINGSHANGHAIZUJIE。SHANGHAIZHONGGUOBAOXIANZONGGUANLICHUJIANGYIBUFENZHIGONGPAIWANGZHONGQING,ZAIZHONGQINGSHANGQINGSIZHONGXINGBANSHICHULOUSHANGSHELILEZHONGGUOBAOXIANGONGSIZONGGUANLICHUBANGONGSHI。1943NIAN,ZHONGGUOBAOXIANGONGSIZONGJINGLISONGHANZHANGZAIZHONGQINGXUANTANMIAOZHENGSHIGAIZUZONGGUANLICHU,XINGSHIZONGGONGSIDEZHIQUAN。

ZHONGGUOBAOXIANGONGSISHIZUIZAOJINRUDAHOUFANGBAOXIANSHICHANGDEBAOXIANGONGSI,CONGYEWULIANGHEBAOFEISHOURUKAN,TASHIZHANSHIXINANHEXIBEIBAOXIANTONGYEZHONGYINGXIANGJIAODADEBAOXIANQIYE,NIANBAOFEIJINCIYUZHONGYANGXINTUOJUBAOXIANBU。TAZAINEIDISHELILEZHONGQINGHEXIANLIANGJIAFENGONGSI(DANXIANFENGONGSICHENGLIBUJIUBIANXUANGAOCHEXIAO),XIANHOUZAIGUILIN、KUNMING、GUIYANG、LESHAN、NEIJIANG、ZIGONGHECHENGDOUDENGNEIDICHENGSHIKAIZHANYEWU。

1937NIAN"BA·YISAN"KANGZHANHOU,RIJUNZHANLINGSHANGHAI。TONGNIAN11YUE,ZHONGGUOBAOXIANGONGSIZAIXIANGGANGSHELILEZONGJINGLICHU。BUFENGAOJIGUANLIRENYUANLIHUFUGANG,BUJIUCHEWANGNEIDI。CIHOUZHIZHIKANGRIZHANZHENGJIESHU,ZHONGGUOBAOXIANGONGSIZHUYAOZAIXINANDAHOUFANGCHENGSHI,YIJIXIANGGANGHEDONGNANYADIQUKAIZHANYEWU。

1938NIANCHU,ZHONGGUOBAOXIANGONGSIPAIQIANZONGGONGSIXIANGLIJINTONGMINGDAOXIANGGANGCHOUBANCEHUAKAIYESHIYI。JINTONGMINGXIANSHENGYUGAINIAN3YUEDIDAXIANGGANGHOU,SHOUXIANZAIDEFUDAOZHONG6HAOGUANGDONGYINXINGDASHAZUDELOUMIANWEICHOUBEICHU,MIANJIJIN300YUFANGCHI,BINGKAISHIZHAOPINGONGYOUYIJIBANSHIYUAN,DANGSHIYUANGONGJINYOU2REN,XIANGGONGSIZHUCESHUJIAOJIAOBAOZHENGJINSHUIHUOXIANGEGANGBI10WANYUAN,RENSHOUXIAN20WANYUAN,HEJIGONG40WANYUAN。ZHONGGUOBAOXIANGONGSIXIANGGANGFENGONGSIZHENGSHICHENGLI。1939NIAN7YUE1RI,ZHONGGUOBAOXIANGONGSIXINJIAPOFENGONGSICHENGLI。1941NIANDI,ZHONGGUOBAOXIANGONGSIXIANGGANGFENGONGSIYUANGONGZENGZHI16REN,BANGONGSHIYUANZHIKUODAZHI1000YUFANGCHI,XIANGGANGFENGONGSICHULEJIANGYIEZAITONGYEZHONGJINXINGFENBAOWAI,HAIYULUNDUNWEILISIGONGSIJIANLILEFENBAOGUANXI。SUIHOU,RIJUNZHANJUXIANGGANG,"XIANGGANGFENGONGSI"YEWUYEXIANYUTINGDUN。YINIAN3YUE,RIJUNYUFUXINGSHIMIAN,XIALINGGESHANGHAOFUYE。HUASHANGBAOXIANTONGYESHOUXIANHUIFUDESHIHUOXIAN,"XIANGGANGFENGONGSIJINJINGLIYUHUASHANGZHUXIGONGTONGXIEZUO,SHELIHUOXIANFENBAOZU,QIJINGONGHUIFENBAOZURENGJIXUYUNZUO。"CIWAI,ZHONGGUOBAOXIANGONGSIHAIZAIMANILA、HENEI、XIGONG、MANGUHESISHUIDENGDONGNANYADIQUKAIZHANYEWU。TAIPINGYANGZHANZHENGBAOFAHOU,HAIWAIJIGOUFENFENTINGYE。

SI、GENGMINGZHONGGUOCHANWUBAOXIANGONGSIQIANHUBANGONG

KANGRIZHANZHENGSHENGLIHOU,SUIZHESHIJUBIANHUA,JINRONGSHICHANGZHONGXINYOUDAHOUFANGZHUANHUISHANGHAI,YIXIEBAOXIANGONGSIFENFENFUYUANHUOQIANHUBANGONG,SHANGHAIYOUHUIFUCHENGQUANGUOBAOXIANYEDEZHONGXIN。ZHONGGUOCHANWUBAOXIANGONGSI(YU1944NIAN2YUEFENGGUOMINZHENGFUCAIZHENGBUMINGLINGGENGMING)YU1945NIAN5YUE12RIZAIXIANGGANGSHELIZONGGUANLICHUZHUGANGLINSHIBANSHICHU。1946NIAN,SONGHANZHANGYOUZHONGQINGFANHUISHANGHAI,ZHONGGUOCHANWUBAOXIANGONGSIYEQIANHUBANGONG,SONGHANZHANGRENGDANRENDONGSHIZHANG。

WU、SHANGHAIJIEFANGHEZHONGGUOCHANWUBAOXIANGONGSIDELVXIANFUYE

1947NIAN7YUEYIHOU,ZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGLINGDAODEJIEFANGZHANZHENGQUANMIANJINRUZHANLVEFANGONGJIEDUAN。CONGDONGBEIKAISHI,XUDUODACHENGSHIFENFENJIEFANG。ZAI"FAZHANJINGJI,BAOZHANGGONGJI"DECAIZHENGGONGZUOZONGFANGZHENZHIDAOXIA,BAOXIANYEYEZHUJIANDEDAOHUIFUHEFAZHAN。YOUYUTESHUDEGUDONGBEIJINGHEJIAOQIANGDESHICHANGYINGXIANGLI,ZAIBEIJIEFANGDECHENGSHIZHONG,ZHONGGUOCHANWUBAOXIANGONGSIJISHOUDANGQICHONG,CHENGWEIBEIJIEGUANDEDUIXIANG,YOUSHILVXIANFUYE、DAIDONGBAOXIANJINGYINGHUIFUZHENGCHANGDEXIANFENG。1949NIAN1YUE、2YUEHE4YUE,TIANJIN、BEIPINGHEWUHANDENGDACHENGSHIJIEFANGHOU,ZHONGGUOCHANWUBAOXIANGONGSIZAIDANGDIDEFENGONGSIDOUBEIJIEGUAN。SUIHOU,ZHONGGUORENMINYINXINGJUEDING,YIGAIGONGSIDEDANGDIJIGOUWEIJICHU,XIANXINGHUIFUBAOXIANYEWU,BINGBOFUZIJINZUOWEIPEIKUANZERENZHUNBEIJIN。

1949NIAN5YUE27RI,SHANGHAIJIEFANG,YIRIJICHENGLILESHANGHAISHIJUNSHIGUANZHIWEIYUANHUI。GAIWEIYUANHUIXIASHUDECAIZHENGJINGJIJIEGUANWEIYUANHUIJINRONGCHUSHELILEBAOXIANZU,FUZEDUIGUANLIAOBAOXIANJIGOUDEJIEGUANHUOJIANLIGONGZUO,FUZERENWEIXIESHOUTIAN。5YUE30RIQI,GAICHUBAOXIANZUANZHAO"YIZHAOXITONG、YUANFENGBUDONG、CONGSHANGERXIA、ZHENGTAOJIESHOU"DEFANGZHENJINXINGGONGZUO。

  民安保险公司——红色保险资本的摇篮  

YI、MINANCHANWUBAOXIANGUFENYOUXIANGONGSIDEDANSHENG

MINANCHANWUBAOXIANGUFENYOUXIANGONGSIDECHUANGSHIRENLUXUZHANGSHIYUANWAIJINGMAOBUCHANGWUFUBUZHANG,YESHIZHONGGUODUIWAIMAOYISHIYEKAITUOHEDIANJIRENZHIYI。ZAOYUSANSHINIANDAI,CHUANGJIANLE "GUANGDAHUAXING",YIJINXINGYAOPINHEYILIAOQIXIEDEYOUGOUYEWU。1943NIANCHU,LUXUZHANGWEIJINYIBUTIGAOGUANGDAHUAXINGDESHILIHESHEHUIDIWEI,GOUSICHUANGBANYIJIABAOXIANGONGSI, DEDAOZHOUENLAIDEKENDING,LUXUZHANGYIGUANGDAHUAXINGZONGJINGLISHENFEN,ZAIZHONGQINGKAISHICHOUJIANBAOXIANGONGSI。LUXUZHANGZHAOLAIDANGSHIZAIZHONGQINGZUIZHUMINGDEBAOXIANYEZHUANJIA、ZHONGQINGZHONGXINGBAOXIANGONGSIZONGJINGLI、TAIPINGBAOXIANGONGSIZHONGQINGFENGONGSIFUJINGLIYANGJINGCAIXIANSHENGHEMINSHENGLUNCHUANCHUANGBANREN、GUOMINZHENGFUJIAOTONGBUBUZHANGLUZUOFUXIANSHENG,GONGTONGTUIDONGCHUANGBANBAOXIANGONGSIDELINIAN。

LUXUZHANGHELUZUOFUYU1943NIANQIUDACHENGLEXIEYI,HEZUOCHUANGBANLEMINANCHANWUBAOXIANGUFENYOUXIANGONGSI。YILUXUZHANGDAIBIAOGUANGDAHUAXINGWEIYIFANG,YILUZUOFUDAIBIAOMINSHENGSHIYEGONGSIWEILINGYIFANG,SHUANGFANGGECHOUZIYIBAN,GONGTONGTOUZI1,000WANYUANJIANLI"MINANCHANWUBAOXIANGUFENYOUXIANGONGSI"(JIANCHENG"MINANCHANWUBAOXIAN"),YU1943NIAN11YUEZHENGSHIKAIYE。DANGSHIMINANCHANWUBAOXIANYOULUZUOFURENDONGSHIZHANG,YANGJINGCAIRENZONGJINGLI,LUXUZHANGRENFUZONGJINGLI,YANGYANXIU、SHUZIQINGHEZHANGPINGFENFENBIERENCHANGWUDONGSHIHEDONGJIAN,YANGYANXIUHAIJIANRENMINANCHANWUBAOXIANKUNMINGFENGONGSIJINGLI。MINANCHANWUBAOXIANDECHUANGLI,BIAOZHIZHEGUANGDAHUAXINGHEMINSHENGSHIYEGONGSIJISHENJINRONGJIEXINGLIE,KUODALEJINGYINGHUODONGLINGYU。

MINANCHANWUBAOXIANKAIYEHOU,BAOXIANYEWUFAZHANZHENGZHENGRISHANG。BUJIU,NEIJIANGFENGONGSI、KUNMINGFENGONGSIJICHENGDOU、GUIYANG、XIAN、ZIGONG、YANDOU、LUZHOU、YIBINDENGDIJUNJIANLIFENZHIDAILIJIGOU,MINANCHANWUBAOXIANHENKUAICHENGWEIXINANDAHOUFANGBAOXIANJIEDEYIZHIXINXIU。

1944NIAN12YUE,ZONGJINGLIYANGJINGCAIBUXINGBINGSHI。1945NIAN5YUE,LUXUZHANGJIERENMINANCHANWUBAOXIANZONGJINGLIZHIWU,SUIZHEGUANGDAHUAXINGQIANHUISHANGHAIYIHOU,MINANCHANWUBAOXIAN、MINFUQIYEGONGSI、MINYIGONGSIDENGSHUSHIJIAQIYEJINXINGLECANGUTOUZI。ZHICI,GUANGDAHUAXINGHEMINANCHANWUBAOXIANGONGSI、MINFUQIYEGONGSI、MINYIGONGSIXIANHOUZAISHANGHAI、KUNMING、XIAN、LANZHOU、BEIPING、TIANJIN、QINGDAO、SHENYANG、GUIYANG、CHENGDOU、ZHONGQING、HANKOU、GUANGZHOU、XIANGGANGDENGDISHELILEFENZHIJIGOUHUOFUSHUQIYE,JINYIBUKUOZHANYEWU,FUGAIQUANGUOGEDI。

ER、XIANGGANGMINANBAOXIANYOUXIANGONGSIDECHENGLI

1947NIAN,SHANGHAIJINGJIHEJINRONGSHICHANGXIAOTIAO,GEXINGGEYEYIPIANQILENG,QIYEZIJINZHUANYIXIANGGANGSHIHUOLU,YUSHI,MINANCHANWUBAOXIANSHANGHAIZONGGONGSITEPAIZHUANYUANSHENRICHANGXIANSHENGDAOXIANGGANGCHOUSHEFENGONGSI。

SHENRICHANGZAOYU1941ZHI1945NIAN,ZAISICHUANZHONGQINGJIJICANYUKANGRISHIQIDEHOUFANGBAOXIANJIANSHE,CENGRENTAIPINGBAOXIANGUFENYOUXIANGONGSIYUANPINGBAOXIANJIFENGSHENGBAOXIANHESHUJINGYINGDE"TAIANFENGBAOXIANZONGGONGSI"JIHE、ZHONGQINGSHIFENGONGSIFUJINGLIDENGZHIWU,BINGBEIXUANWEIZHONGQINGSHIBAOXIANGONGHUIWEIYUAN,1946NIANRENZHITAIPINGBAOXIANGUFENYOUXIANGONGSIJIHESHI。

1947NIAN,SHENRICHANGZHISHENLAIDAOXIANGGANG,YUTONGNIAN2YUE,KAIBANLEMINANCHANWUBAOXIANXIANGGANGFENGONGSI,SHENRICHANGRENFUZONGJINGLI,ZHIGONGZHIYOUERREN,YOUYUJINGYINGTIAOJIANYICHANGJIANKU,SHENRICHANGJIANFUJUECEREN、GONGZUORENYUAN、CHENGBAOYUAN、CHUDANYUANHEFENBAOJIZHANG,SHIWUDAXIAO,BIQINLIQINWEI,MEITIANGONGZUOZHANGDASHIJIGEXIAOSHI,ZHONGSHIXIANGGANGFENGONGSIDEYEWUDAZHIJICHUJIEDUAN。

1949NIAN,MINANCHANWUBAOXIANJIQIXIANGGANGFENGONGSIDEGUQUANJIEGOUFASHENGBIANDONG,JUEDINGBANLIJIESHU。YUANMINANCHANWUBAOXIANXIANGGANGFENGONGSIYUTONGNIAN9YUEZAIXIANGGANGZHUCEGAIZUWEIDULIFAREN"XIANGGANGMINANBAOXIANYOUXIANGONGSI"(JIANCHENG"MINANBAOXIAN"),ZHUCEZIBENYIBAIWANGANGYUAN,SHISHOUZIBENWUSHIWAN。JIUCI,MINANBAOXIANCHENGWEILEZHONGGUODIYIJIAZAIXIANGGANGZHUCEDEMINZUZIBENBAOXIANGONGSI。SHOURENDONGSHIZHANGWEILIANGCIYUXIANSHENG,SHIJINGYANXIANSHENGRENZONGJINGLI,SHENRICHANGXIANSHENGRENJINGLI,BINGPINYONGYUANMINANCHANWUBAOXIANXIANGGANGFENGONGSIZHIGONGJIJIEGUANYOUGUANBAOXIANYEWU。1949NIAN10YUE1RI,XINZHONGGUOCHENGLIZHIRI,MINANBAOXIANZAIHUARENXINGZUYONGBANGONGSHI,GUAQILEXIANYANDEWUXINGHONGQI,WEIXINZHONGGUODECHENGLIHUANHU,WEIMINANBAOXIANDEKAIYEZHIQING。CONGCI,XIANGGANGMINANBAOXIANGONGSIZAIXIANGGANGDEYOUZHANGLISHIZHENGSHIZHANKAI。

  改组和海外专营时期(1949-1979年)  

XINZHONGGUOCHENGLIHOU,KAIZHANLEDUIJIUZHONGGUOBAOXIANYEDEGONGSIHEYINGGAIZAO。1951NIAN"ZHONGGUOBAOXIAN"HE"TAIPINGBAOXIAN"WANCHENGGONGSIHEYINGGAIZAO。1956NIAN,TAIPINGBAOXIANYUXINFENGBAOXIANHEBING。TONGNIAN,"ZHONGGUOBAOXIAN"HE"TAIPINGBAOXIAN"XIANGJIYOUSHANGHAIQIANCEBEIJING,CHENGWEIYUANZHONGGUORENMINBAOXIANGONGSIDEFUSHUGONGSI。QIJIAN,GENJUGUOJIATONGYIANPAI,"ZHONGGUOBAOXIAN"HE"TAIPINGBAOXIAN"TINGBANGUONEIYEWU,HE"XIANGGANGMINAN"YIQI,ZHUANMENJINGYINGJINGWAIYEWU,JIXUWEIGANGAOTONGBAOHEHAIWAIQIAOBAOFUWU,WEIGUOJIAJILEIWAIHUIZIJIN。

XINZHONGGUOBAOXIANSHIYEDECHUANGJIAN,JINGLILEYIGEJIAOZHANGSHIQIDEGUOCHENG。WEILESHIBAOXIANGENGHAODIWEIGUOMINJINGJIHUIFUHEFAZHANFUWU,JINGZHONGYANGPIZHUNCHENGLILETONGYIDEGUOJIABAOXIANJIGOU——ZHONGGUORENMINBAOXIANGONGSI。ZHONGGUOBAOXIANGONGSIYOUCIWANCHENGLEXIANGGUOJIAZHUANYINGWAIBIYEWUDEZHUANYEHUAGONGSIDEZHUANBIAN。TAIPING、XINFENGBAOXIANGONGSIHEBING,CHENGLIGONGSIHEYINGTAIPINGBAOXIANGONGSI,BINGTINGBANGUONEIYEWU,ZAIZHONGGUORENMINBAOXIANGONGSITONGYILINGDAOXIAZHUANYINGHAIWAIYEWU。

YI、ZHONGGUOBAOXIANGONGSIDEJIEGUANHEFUYE

JIEFANGQIAN,SHANGHAIYUANSHIQUANGUOBAOXIANYEZHONGXIN,GUANLIAOZIBENBAOXIANGONGSIDEJIZHONGDI,ZHUYAOSHIZHONGGUOYINXING、ZHONGYANGXINTUOJU、JIAOTONGYINXING、ZHONGGUONONGMINYINXINGDENG"SIDAJIAZU"SUOSHUDEBAOXIANJIGOU。CIWAIHAIYOUQITAYIXIEGUANLIAOZIBENDEBAOXIANGONGSI。GAOHAOSHANGHAIDEGUANLIAOZIBENBAOXIANZONGGONGSIHUOZONGGUANLICHUDENGDEJIEGUANGONGZUO,DUIFENBUZAIQITACHENGSHIFENZHIJIGOUDEJIEGUANJUYOUHENDAYINGXIANG。1949NIAN5YUE27RI,SHANGHAIJIEFANG。28RI,ZHONGGUORENMINJIEFANGJUNJUNSHIGUANZHIWEIYUANCAIZHENGJINGJIJIEGUANWEIYUANHUIJINRONGCHUBAOXIANZU10DUOWEICHENGYUAN,ZAIFUCHUZHANGXIESHOUTIAN、BAOXIANZUZHANGLINZHENFENG,BAOXIANZUFUZUZHANGSUNWENMINDELINGDAOXIA,GENJUDANGDEZHENGCEHESHANGHAISHIJUNSHIGUANZHIWEIYUANHUIQUEDINGDE"YIZHAOXITONG、YUANFENGBUDONG、CONGSHANGERXIA,ZHENGTAOJIESHOU"DEFANGZHEN,KAIZHANJIEGUANGUANLIAOZIBENBAOXIANGONGSIDEGONGZUO。JIEGUANQINGLIGONGZUOYUTONGNIAN10YUE23RIJIBENJIESHU。

JIANYUHUIFUGUOYINGBAOXIANYEWUHECHULIGUONEIWAIFENBAOWENTIJIDAIJIEJUE,JUEDINGPIZHUNZHONGGUOCHANWUBAOXIANGONGSIFUYE。ZHONGGUOCHANWUBAOXIANWEIPEIHEBAOXIANTONGYEJIEJUEFENBAOKUNNAN,CENGDUIHUASHANGMINYINGBAOXIANGONGSIZUZHILIANHEFENBAOJIGOUHEJIESHOUFENBAOJIYULEDALIZHICHI。

SHANGHAIJIEFANGCHUQI,ZHONGGUOCHANWUBAOXIANGONGSIWEIPEIHERENMINZHENGFUFANFENGSUO、FANHONGZHAZHENGCE,SHISHIKAIBANLEYUNSHUBINGXIAN、HANGYEYUANGONGBINGXIANHEXIAOECHUANQIAOBINGXIAN3XIANGZHENGCEXINGDEXINYEWU。ZHEIDUICUJINNEIWAI、NANBEIWUZIJIAOLIU、ZHICHIGUOMINJINGJIDEHUIFU,FAHUILEJIJIDEZUOYONG。

ER、ZHONGGUOBAOXIANGONGSIDEGAIZU

1、ZHONGGUOBAOXIANGONGSIZHUANYINGWAIHUIBAOXIAN。1949NIAN8YUE,SHANGHAICAIJINGHUIYIYIYUANZHONGGUOCHANWUBAOXIANGONGSIWEIJICHUZHUANSHEZHONGGUOBAOXIANGONGSI,JINXINGGUOJIMAOYIYOUGUANDEWAIHUIBAOXIAN。ZHONGGUOBAOXIANGONGSIZAISHANGHAIYIYOUJIGOU,YOUHUADONGQUXINGFUZEZHENGDUNGAIZU。

2、ZHONGGUOBAOXIANGONGSIDERENWU。DIYICIQUANGUOBAOXIANGONGZUOHUIYIQIJIAN,ZHONGGUOBAOXIANGONGSIJIANGYUANZHONGGUOCHANWUBAOXIANGONGSIZONGGUANLICHUJIAYIDIAOZHENG,BINGJIANGYUANZHONGGUORENSHOUBAOXIANGONGSIBINGRU,GUIDINGQIRENWUWEI:(1)ZHUANMENCONGSHIWAIBIBAOXIANYEWU;(2)ZHENGQUGUOWAIBAOXIANYEWU;(3)GUOWAIBAOXIANGUANXIDELIANXIYUJIANLI;(4)JIESHOUGUONEIYIEBAOXIANYEWU。HUIYIJIESHUHOU,YIYUANBEIJINGZHONGGUOCHANWUBAOXIANGONGSIWEIJICHU,JIANLILEZHONGGUORENMINBAOXIANZONGGONGSIYINGYEBU。

3、ZHONGGUOBAOXIANGONGSIDIYIJIEDONGJIANSHIHUIYI。ZHONGGUOBAOXIANGONGSIZAIZHAOKAIDIYIJIEDONGJIANHUIYIQIAN,YISONGHANZHANGWEIDONGSHIZHANG,GUOFUYUNWEIZONGJINGLI、CHENBOYUAN、SUNGUANGZHIWEIFUJINGLI,QIZONGGONGSISHEZAISHANGHAI。GUOWAIFENBAOYOUZHONGGUOBAOXIANGONGSITONGYIDUIWAI,SHIDEGUOYINGGONGSIYOUJIAOQIANGDEZAIBAOXIANNENGLI。

SAN、GANGAOHEHAIWAIBAOXIANYEWUDEFAZHAN

ZAIZHONGGUORENMINBAOXIANGONGSILINGDAOHEZHICHIXIA,ZHONGGUOBAOXIANGONGSI、TAIPINGBAOXIANGONGSIHEXIANGGANGMINANBAOXIANGONGSIDEYEWUZAIJIEFANGHOUYOUHENDAFAZHAN。ZAIWEIJINCHUKOUMAOYIFUWU、WEIDANGDIHUAQIAOFUWUDEYEWUFANGZHENZHIDAOXIA,SHANGSHU3GEGONGSIZAIXIANGGANGJIHAIWAIDEFENZHIJIGOURENZHENBANLIGEXIANGBAOXIANYEWU,BINGYANGEZUNSHOUDANGDIZHENGFUFALINGHEDANGDIBAOXIANGONGHUIDEGEXIANGGUIZHANG,JIJIZENGJIAWEIDANGDIHUAQIAOFUWUDEBAOXIANYEWUZHONGLEI。DUIBAOZHANGDANGDIHUAQIAOJICUJINDANGDIGONGSHANGYEDEFAZHANQILEYIDINGDEZUOYONG。

XIANGGANGHEHAIWAIBAOXIANYEWU,ZAIZHONGGUORENMINYINXINGZONGXINGDETONGYILINGDAOXIA,ZHUBUNARULEGUOJIATONGYIGUANLIDEGUIDAO。HAIWAIBAOXIANYEWUZAIZHENGZHIXINGSHISHIFENFUZADEQINGKUANGXIAHUODELEWENBUFAZHAN,WEILEZHIYUANGUONEIJIANSHE,HAIWAIGEDIBAOXIANJIGOUJIJISHEFACHOUJIZIJINHUIHUIGUONEI,ZIQUANGUOJIEFANGZHI1953NIAN11YUE,JINZHONGGUOBAOXIANGONGSICONGHAIWAIDIAOHUIDEZIJINBIANYOUGANGBI680DUOWANYUAN,WEIGUOMINJINGJIHUIFUZUOCHULEGONGXIAN。

WEILEPEIHEZUGUOMAOYIXUYAO,ZAIXIANGGANGDEZHONGGUOBAOXIAN、TAIPINGBAOXIAN、MINANBAOXIANWEIKEHUBANLIZHUANDANSHOUXU,YIJIWEIGUONEIDEZHUANKOUSHANGPINTIGONGLEBAOXIANFANGMIANDEFANGBIAN。CIWAI,XIANGGANGHEXINMADIQUJIGOUHAIDAILIGUONEICHUKOUSHANGPINBAOXIANDECHAKANLIPEIGONGZUO。

HAIWAIBAOXIANYEWUZAIWEIHUAQIAOFUWU、WEIGUOJIADUIWAIMAOYIFUWU、WEIGUOJIAJIANSHEJILEIZIJINHEZHENGQUZHANGQICUNZAIDEFANGZHENZHIDAOXIAYEDEDAOLEHENDADEFAZHAN。DANGSHIZHONGGUOBAOXIANGONGSIHETAIPINGBAOXIANGONGSIZAIXIANGGANG、XINJIAPO、MALAIXIYAHEYINDUNIXIYADOUSHEYOUFENZHIJIGOU。JIEZHI1960NIAN,ZHEIXIEJIGOUHUIRUGUONEIDEZIJINHEJI90854WANMEIYUAN,YOULIDIZHIYUANLEGUONEISHEHUIZHUYIJIANSHESHIYE。

1966NIAN,"WENHUADAGEMING"BAOFA,SHEWAIBAOXIANYEWUZAODAOLEYANZHONGDEGANRAOHEPOHUAI。1969NIANSHANGBANNIAN,WAIMAOBUMENXIANHOUCONGGUOWAIJINKOUSHOUBIAOHEBAIJINZAIKONGYUNZHONGFASHENGDIUSHI。ZHOUENLAIZONGLIZHISHI:"BAOXIANHAISHIYAOBAN,BAOXIANSHIDUIWAILIANXIDEYIGEQUDAO,DIRENXIANGGULIWOMEN,WOMENBUYAOZIJIGULIZIJI。" JINKOUSHOUBIAOHEBAIJINDIUSHISHIJIAN,CHENGWEIZHONGGUOBAOXIANYEZAIKUNJINGZHONGHUIFUDEQIJI。1970NIAN6YUE,SHEWAIBAOXIANHEGUOJIZAIBAOXIANHUODONGZHONGYOUKAIZHAN。70NIANDAIMOQI,GUONEIJINGJIJIANSHESUDUJIAKUAI,MINANBAOXIANYEWUYINCISHOUYI,MAOBAOFEINIANSHOURUDADAO5000WANGANGYUAN。

  境外扩展时期(1980-1997年)  

1979NIAN4YUE,GUOWUYUANJUEDING"ZHUBUHUIFUGUONEIBAOXIANYEWU",HAIWAIBAOXIANYEYINGLAILEFAZHANJIYU。JIEZHI1990NIANDI,WOGUOHAIWAIGELEIBAOXIANJIGOUFAZHANDAOLE60DUOJIA。1992NIAN,XIANGGANGZHONGGUOBAOXIAN(JITUAN)YOUXIANGONGSICHENGLI,ZUOWEIGANGAODIQUDEKONGGUGONGSI,DUIGANGAODIQUFUSHUGONGSIJINXINGTONGYIGUANLI。JITUANJINBANZIGONGSIYUCIJIANCHUANGBAN,JITUANJINGYINGLINGYUJINYIBUKUOZHAN。

YI、BAOXIANZHUGANGAOLIANBANCHUDECHENGLI

1981NIANZAIGANGAOYINXINGTIZHIGAIGEZHONG,MINGQUEGANGAOBAOXIANGONGSIDELINGDAOTIZHI,RENGSHELIBAOXIANZHUGANGAOLIANBANCHU,YOUYINXINGJITUANDEZHUYAOFUZERENJIANBAOXIANLIANBANCHUZHUREN,BAOXIANLIANBANCHUSHEZHUANZHIFUZHURENYIREN,YOUZHONGGUORENMINBAOXIANZONGGONGSIXUANPAI,FUZERICHANGGONGZUO。

ER、ZHONGGUOBAOXIANGANGAOGUANLICHUCHENGLI

1984NIAN,ZHONGGUORENMINBAOXIANGONGSIYU1YUEQICONGZHONGGUORENMINYINXINGFENSHECHULAI,CHENGWEIGUOWUYUANZHISHUJIGOU。TONGNIAN10YUE7RICHENGLIZHONGGUOBAOXIANGANGAOGUANLICHU,GUANLICHUZHINENGWEIZHONGGUORENMINBAOXIANGONGSIPAIZHUXIANGGANGDEXINGZHENGGUANLIJIGOU。CHENGWEIYUZHONGGUOYINXINGGANGAOGUANLICHUPINGXINGDEJIGOU,ZHONGGUOBAOXIANGANGAOGUANLICHUDEZHENGSHIDULICHENGLI,YIYIZHONGDA,DANGSHIXIANGGANGBAOXIANJIEHEYULUNJIEBAZHONGGUOBAOXIANJITUANSHIWEIYIZHI"XINJUEQIDELILIANG。"

SAN、XIANGGANGZHONGGUOBAOXIAN(JITUAN)YOUXIANGONGSIDECHENGLI

1992NIAN,ZHONGGUORENMINBAOXIANGONGSIJUEDINGJIANGFEIFARENTUANTIDEZHONGGUOBAOXIANGANGAOGUANLICHUGAIZUWEIQIYEFAREN。TONGNIAN10YUE20RI,YOUZHONGGUORENMINBAOXIANGONGSI、ZHONGGUOBAOXIANYOUXIANGONGSI、TAIPINGBAOXIANYOUXIANGONGSIHEZHONGGUORENSHOUBAOXIANYOUXIANGONGSIHEZIZUJIANDEXIANGGANGZHONGGUOBAOXIAN(JITUAN)YOUXIANGONGSIZAIXIANGGANGZHUCECHENGLI,BINGQUDAIZHONGGUOBAOXIANGANGAOGUANLICHU,YIFARENSHENFENXINGSHIDUIGANGAODIQUGEGONGSIDEGUANLIZHIQUANHEZIXINGJINGYINGCHUBAOXIANYEWUZHIWAIDEDUOXIANGYEWU。

  集团化经营时期(1998-2009年)  

1998NIAN10YUE,JINGGUOWUYUANPIZHUN,ZHONGGUORENMINBAOXIAN(JITUAN)GONGSICHEXIAO,HAIWAIJIGOUHUAGUIZHONGGUOBAOXIANGUFENYOUXIANGONGSI,GAIGONGSIYUXIANGGANGZHONGGUOBAOXIAN(JITUAN)YOUXIANGONGSI(HECHENGZHONGGUOBAOXIANJITUAN)SHIXING"LIANGKUAIPAIZI,YITAOBANZI"DEGUANLIMOSHI。CHENGWEIJINGWAIJIGOUDEZUIZHONGKONGGUGONGSIHEZHISHUGUOWUYUANDEJINRONGBAOXIANJITUAN。JITUANHUAJINGYINGLAKAIWEIMU。2002NIAN8YUE22RI,ZHONGGUOBAOXIANGUFENYOUXIANGONGSIGENGMINGWEIZHONGGUOBAOXIAN(KONGGU)YOUXIANGONGSI。

WEIWANSHANJITUANHUAJINGYINGKUANGJIA,TUIJINBENTUHUAZHANLVE,CONG2000NIANDAO2003NIAN,JITUANCONGYEWUJIEGOUDIAOZHENGHEZHONGZUGAIZHILIANGGEFANGMIANDUIBUFENJIGOUJINXINGLEGAIGEZHENGDUN。

YI、2000-2003NIANJINGWAIYEWUDEGAIGEZHENGDUN

(YI)XIANGGANGDIQUCHANXIANJIGOUDEGAIGEZHENGDUN

2000NIANJIANGZHONGGUOBAOXIANXIANGGANGFENGONGSI、TAIPINGBAOXIANXIANGGANGFENGONGSIDEYEWUBINGRUXIANGGANGMINANBAOXIANYOUXIANGONGSI,ZUCHENGYIJIAGENGJUGUIMODEBAOXIANGONGSI,TONGNIAN10YUESANJIANGONGSIZHENGSHIWANCHENGZHONGZU,ZUCHENGXINDEXIANGGANGMINANBAOXIANYOUXIANGONGSI。XINDEXIANGGANGMINANZUJIANHOUJIADALEYEWUGUANLILIDU,DUIYEWUJIEGOUJINXINGLEDALIDIAOZHENG。

(ER)AOMENDIQUCHANXIANJIGOUDEGAIGEZHENGDUN

2003NIAN1YUE3RI,ZHONGGUOBAOXIANGUFENYOUXIANGONGSIAOMENFENGONGSIZHENGSHIGAIZUWEIZAIAOZHUCEDEZHONGGUOBAOXIAN(AOMEN)GUFENYOUXIANGONGSI,CHENGWEIAOMENDANGDIGONGSI。CIJUBIAOZHIZHEZHONGGUOBAOXIAN(KONGGU)YOUXIANGONGSIDEJINGWAIYEWUQUANMIANSHISHIZHAGENBENTU、ZOUXIANGQUANQIUDEJINGYINGZHANLVE。

(SAN)XINJIAPODIQUCHANXIANYEWUDEGAIGEZHENGDUN

ZHONGGUOBAOXIANYOUXIANGONGSIXINJIAPOFENGONGSIYUTAIPINGBAOXIANYOUXIANGONGSIXINJIAPOFENGONGSISHUNLIWANCHENGJIGOUZHONGZU,ZAIJIESHOULETAIPINGBAOXIANYOUXIANGONGSIXINJIAPOFENGONGSIDESUOYOUZICHANHEBAOXIANZERENHOU,YIZHONGGUOBAOXIANYOUXIANGONGSIXINJIAPOFENGONGSIDEMINGYIDUIWAIYINGYE。QIHOU,JITUANJIXUDUIHEBINGHOUDEZHONGBAOXINFENSHIXINGLEZIGONGSIHUAGAIZHI。2003NIAN1YUE1RIZHONGGUOBAOXIAN(XINJIAPO)YOUXIANGONGSIZHENGSHIDUIWAIYINGYE。

(SI)OUZHOUDIQUCHANXIANJIGOUDEGAIGEZHENGDUN

2002NIAN,JITUANDUIOUZHOUDIQUGONGSIJINXINGZHANLVEZHONGZU:YISHIGUANBIZHONGBAODEGUO;ERSHIGUANBIZHONGBAOOUZHOUFUWU;SANSHIDUIZHONGBAOLUSENBAOJINXINGFENGONGSIHUAGAIZAO,BINGJIANGQIYEWUZHUANRANGZHONGBAOYINGGUOHOUJINXINGGUANBI;SISHIDAISHANGSHUSANXIANGGONGZUOWANCHENGHOU,JIANGZHONGBAOOUZHOUKONGGUCHIYOUDEZHONGBAOYINGGUODEQUANBUGUQUANZHUANRANGJIXIANGGANGZHONGGUOBAOXIAN(JITUAN)YOUXIANGONGSI,JIANGZHONGBAOYINGGUOGAIZUWEIJITUANDEQUANZIZIGONGSI,BINGCHEXIAOZHONGBAOOUZHOUKONGGU。

(WU)SHOUXIANYEWUDEZHONGZUHEBINGYUZHUANRANG

2002NIAN6YUE,TAIPINGRENSHOUBAOXIANYOUXIANGONGSIXIANGGANGFENGONGSI、ZHONGGUORENSHOUBAOXIANGUFENYOUXIANGONGSIXIANGGANGFENGONGSIWANCHENGZHONGZU,YIZHONGGUORENSHOUBAOXIANGUFENYOUXIANGONGSIXIANGGANGFENGONGSIMINGYIDUIWAIYINGYE。ZHIHOU,ZAIBAOCHIZHONGSHOUAOFENPAIZIBUBIANDEQIANTIXIA,NEIBUJIANGQIJUTIYINGYUNGONGZUOZHUANYIDAOZHONGSHOUGANGFENJIZHONGGUANLIHEYUNZUO,2002NIANDI,JITUANSHOUXIANYEWUDEZHONGZUGONGZUOSHUNLIWANCHENG。

WEIPEIHEZHONGGUORENSHOUBAOXIANYOUXIANGONGSISHANGSHIGONGZUO,ZHONGGUORENSHOUBAOXIANGUFENYOUXIANGONGSIXIANGGANGFENGONGSIGENGMINGWEIZHONGGUORENSHOUBAOXIAN(HAIWAI)GUFENYOUXIANGONGSI。2003NIANDI,GUQUANZHUANRANGGONGZUOQUANMIANWANCHENG。ZICI,JITUANTINGZHIJINGYINGJINGWAISHOUXIANYEWU。

(LIU)FEIJINRONGZICHANDEQINGLIYUZHONGBAOJITUANTOUZIKONGGUYOUXIANGONGSIDECHENGLI

2000NIAN12YUE27RI,JINGGUODUIJITUANSHUXIAGELEITOUZIGONGSIDEZHONGZU,ZHONGBAOJITUANTOUZIKONGGUYOUXIANGONGSIZAIXIANGGANGZHUCECHENGLI,GONGSIZAIJITUANTONGYIGUIHUAHELINGDAOXIA,XINGSHITOUZIJINGYINGGUANLIZHINENG。

(QI)ZHONGBAOGUOJIDESHANGSHI

2000NIANSHANGBANNIANJIANGJITUANSHUXIAZHONGGUOGUOJIZAIBAOXIANYOUXIANGONGSIHEHUAXIAZAIBAOXIANGUWENYOUXIANGONGSIZHONGZU,CHENGLILEZHONGBAOGUOJIKONGGUYOUXIANGONGSI,BINGYICIWEIZHUTI,YU6YUEDIZAIXIANGGANGLIANHEJIAOYISUOSHANGSHI。JITUANTONGGUOZHONGBAOGUOJISHANGSHI,JIZIJIN5YIGANGYUAN,BINGYONGYOU61.9%DEJUEDUIKONGGUQUAN。CHENGWEIZHONGGUOBAOXIANYESHOUJIAZAIJINGWAISHANGSHIDEBAOXIANQIYE。

ER、JINGNEIFUYEYUJITUANFAZHANZHONGXINDEZHUANYI

2001NIAN12YUE,TAIPINGBAOXIANHETAIPINGRENSHOUZAIGUONEIXIANGJIHUIFUYEWUJINGYING。TAIPINGPINPAIZAIGUONEIDEFUYE,SHIQUANJITUANDEFAZHANJINRULEYIGEXINDELISHIJIEDUAN。JITAIPINGBAOXIAN、TAIPINGRENSHOUZHIHOU,2005NIAN,TAIPINGYANGLAOBAOXIANGUFENYOUXIANGONGSICHENGLI,2006NIAN,TAIPINGZICHANGUANLIYOUXIANGONGSIKAIYE,JIAZHI2004NIANKAIYEDEMINANBAOXIAN(ZHONGGUO)YOUXIANGONGSI,YIGEQUANXINKUAGUOZONGHEJINRONGBAOXIANJITUANYIZHANXIANZAISHIRENMIANQIAN。TAIPINGDEFUYESHIJITUANFAZHANSHIRULEKUAICHEDAO,JITUANYEWUGUIMOXUNSUKUODA,ZHENGTISHILIXIANZHUZENGQIANG。NEIDIYEZHUJIANCHENGWEIJITUANFAZHANDEZHONGXIN。

2006NIAN6YUE30RI,XIANGGANGMINANJIXIANGGANGZHONGBAOJITUANFENBIEYUZHANGJIANGJITUAN、ZHONGBAOGUOJIQIANDINGLEGUQUANZHUANRANGXIEYI。2006NIAN9YUE5RI,MINANKONGGUYOUXIANGONGSIYUKAIMANQUNDAOZHUCECHENGLI,XIANGGANGMINANQUANBUGUQUANANXIANYOUGUDONGCHIGUBILIZHURUMINANKONGGU,BINGYIMINANKONGGUWEISHANGSHIZHUTI。2006NIAN12YUE22RIMINANKONGGUZAIXIANGGANGLIANHEJIAOYISUOSHANGSHIGUAPAI。

SAN、LIJINGTUZHI,MAIXIANGXINDELICHENG

ZUOWEIKUAGUOZONGHEJINGYINGDEJINRONGBAOXIANFUWUSHANG,ZHONGGUOTAIPINGBAOXIANJITUANJINGYINGQUYUYIJIBENFUGAIZHONGGUONEIDIHEGANGAODIQU,TONGSHIZAIOUZHOU、DAYANGZHOU、DONGYAJIDONGNANYADENGDIQUSHEYOUHAIWAIJIGOU。ZHONGGUOTAIPINGSUOXIACHANYELIANHENGXIANGJIANRONGCHANXIAN、SHOUXIAN、YANGLAOBAOXIANJIZAIBAOXIAN;ZONGXIANGTONGCHOUBAOXIANGUWEN、JINGJI、DAILI、ZHIXIAODENGYEWU;BINGTONGGUOTONGYIDEZICHANGUANLIPINGTAI、TONGYIDEGONGXIANGFUWUHEXINXIJISHUPINGTAI,SHIXIANJIAZHIGUANLIDEYOUHUAZUHE,MANZUKEHUZONGHEDEJINRONGBAOXIANFUWUXUQIU。

ZHONGGUOTAIPINGKONGGUYOUXIANGONGSI(YUANZHONGBAOGUOJI)(HK0966)SHIZHONGGUOBAOXIANYEZUIZAOZAIJINGWAISHANGSHIDEGONGSI。TAZHENGHELEJITUANQIXIADEDABUFENZICHAN,WEIJITUANYUNZUOHEZHANLVEFAZHANTIGONGLEJIANSHIDEZIBENYUNZUOPINGTAI。

SHOUXIANYEWUSHIJINRIZHONGGUOTAIPINGCHIXUFAZHANDEZHANLVEZHICHENGLILIANGHECHIXULIRUNLAIYUAN。TAIPINGRENSHOUBAOXIANYOUXIANGONGSIZIFUYEYILAI,LIANXU6NIANHUOHUIYUGUOJIBBB+PINGJI,YIYOUZHIDEPINPAIHEGUIFANDEGUANLI,CHENGWEIZHONGGUOSHOUXIANSHICHANGKUAYUESHIFAZHANDECHUANGXINDIANFAN。

ZHONGGUOTAIPINGDECAICHANXIANYEWU,YITUOGUONEIWAI、HAINEIWAIBIANZHIQILAIDEKUADIQU、KUAGUOJIDEZONGHEWANGLUOHEFUWUYOUSHI,NEIWAILIANDONG,ZONGHEKAITUO,CHENGWEIJITUANCHANYELIANSHANGZUIWEIQIANGDADEJICHUHUANJIE。

TAIPINGYANGLAOBAOXIANGUFENYOUXIANGONGSISHIGUONEISHOUPIHUODEGUOJIAZIGERENDINGDEZHUANYEYANGLAOBAOXIANGONGSI,SHIZHONGGUOQIYENIANJINSHICHANGZUIWEIZHUANYEDESHOUTUOREN。

TAIPINGZAIBAOXIANYOUXIANGONGSIZAIGANGJINGYING30NIAN,YONGYOUWENGUDESHICHANGDIWEI,LIANXUDUONIANHUODEGUOJIQUANWEIPINGJIJIGOUDEAJIPINGDING。

TAIPINGZAIBAOXIANGUWENGONGSIHETAIPINGZHENGQUANKONGGU(XIANGGANG)YOUXIANGONGSI、TAIPINGBAOXIANFUWU(RIBEN)YOUXIANGONGSIDUONIANLAIJINGYINGWENJIAN,WEIJITUANTIGONGLEWENDINGDEJINGJIYEWUSHOURU,BINGBUDUANTUOKUANYEWULINGYU。

YOUTAIPINGZICHANGUANLI[XIANGGANG]YOUXIANGONGSIHETAIPINGZICHANGUANLIYOUXIANGONGSIGONGTONGDAJIANDETONGYITOUZIGUANLIPINGTAI,GUANLIZICHANGUIMOYIYU1000YIYUAN。ZHONGGUOTAIPINGDEBAOXIANZICHAN,ZHENGTONGGUOQIZHUANYEHUAYUNZUO、QIANGDADETOUZITUANDUIHEYANMIDEFENGXIANKONGZHITIXI,BUDUANTISHENGZHENGTITOUZISHOUYI,XUNSUZHUANGDAJITUANSHILI。

2008NIAN,ZHONGGUOTAIPINGGONGXIANGFUWUZHONGXINZHENGSHIYUNXING。TAIPINGGONGXIANGJINRONGFUWU(SHANGHAI)YOUXIANGONGSIDUIQUANJITUANHEBAOHEPEI、CAIWU、ITDENGGELEIZIYUANQUANMIANZHENGHE,YISHIXIANQUANJITUANBAOXIANYUNYINGFUWUJIZHONGYUJINRONGXINXISHUJUCHULIJIZHONG。ERYUCITONGSHI,JIHEZHONGXINDEJIANCHENGHEQUANJITUANFENGXIANGUANLITIXIDEBUDUANWANSHAN,WEIJITUANDEFENGXIANKONGZHIHEKECHIXUFAZHANTIGONGLEJIANSHIDEBAOZHANG。

ZHONGGUOTAIPINGYIKEHUWEIZHONGXINDEZONGHEJINRONGFUWUPINGTAIKUANGJIAYICHUBUXINGCHENG,ZAIWEILAIDEFAZHANZHONG,YIGEWANZHENGDEZONGHEJINRONGFUWUMOSHIKEJIGERENKEHUHEQIYEKEHUTIGONGYIZHANSHIHEWUZHANSHIDEQUANFANGWEI、DUOYUANHUAFUWU,CHONGFENMANZUKEHUBUDUANZENGZHANGDEJINRONGFUWUXUQIU,QUANMIANTISHENGCHANPINJIAZHIHEKEHUFUWUZENGJIAZHI。

DAO2009NIANNIANZHONG,TAIPINGBAOXIANJIBENWANCHENGLE"HUAIHAIZHANYI":ZAIQIANDUAN,JINGNEICHANXIANXIAOSHOUTIZHIGAIGESHISHI,JIANGYI"ZHONGGUOTAIPING"WEITONGYIPINPAIJINXINGYUNZUO;ZAIHOUDUAN,GONGXIANGFUWUJIZHONG,HOUYUANZHONGXINWANCHENGWULIBANQIANHERENYUANJIZHONGBANGONG;JINGNEITOUZIPINGTAIZHENGHECHUBUWANCHENG;JIHEZIYUANZHENGHEWANCHENG,JIHEZHONGXINGUAPAIBINGANXINTIZHIYUNZUO;JITUANGONGSIWANCHENGGENGMING,JITUANPINPAIZHENGHEGONGZUOQUANMIANQIDONG;QIDONGHETUIJINZHONGBAOGUOJIYUMINANKONGGUGUQUANZHENGHEDENG。2009NIAN5YUE7RI,ZHONGGUOBAOXIAN(KONGGU)YOUXIANGONGSIZHENGSHIGENGMINGWEIZHONGGUOTAIPINGJITUANGONGSI,RONGHUIYUANZHONGGUOBAOXIAN、TAIPINGBAOXIAN、MINANBAOXIANSANDAZHUYAOPINPAIXILIEDEXUEMAI。SHIYONG"ZHONGGUOTAIPING"WEIJITUANDEMINGHAO,YIFANGMIANBAOLIULEJITUANZUOWEIGUOYOUJITUANGONGSIDEMINGCHENGSHUXING;LINGYIFANGMIAN,KEYIJIXULIYONG"TAIPING"PINPAIZAIGUONEIDEXIANGDUIYOUSHI,DAIDONGJITUANDEKUAISUFAZHAN。 "ZHONGGUOTAIPING"PINPAIQUANXINDENGCHANG。2013NIAN7YUE,ZHENGSHIGENGMINGWEIZHONGGUOTAIPINGBAOXIANJITUANYOUXIANZERENGONGSI。

ZHONGGUOTAIPINGBAOXIANJITUANZHENGSHIQIYONGHOU,KAISHIZHESHOUMINANKONGGUGUQUANSIYOUHUA、ZAIXIANGGANGZHENGQUANJIAOYISUOZHAIPAITUISHIHUODONG。10YUE7RI,MINANXUANBUTINGPAI。ZHONGGUOTAIPINGHEMINANSHUANGSHUANGFABIAOGONGGAOCHENG,ZHONGGUOTAIPINGJIANGFAXINGJIN20%XINGUZHIFUSHOUGOUJIA,ZHONGGUOTAIPINGDUIMINANKONGGUMEIGUSHOUGOUJIAWEI1.31YUAN,YIJIA45.56%,ZONGJIAZHIYUEWEI38YIGANGYUAN。TONGSHI,ANSHOUGOUXIEYI,QITAGUDONGJIANGYIMEI10GUMINANGUFENHUAN1GUZHONGGUOTAIPINGXINGU。ZHEIYIQUANMIANSHOUGOUFANGSHISIYOUHUAMINANDEJIANYIYUFAYUANHUIYIJIGUDONGTEBIEDAHUISHANGHUODABILITONGGAO,MINANKONGGUYU11YUE2RISHOUSHIHOUZHAIPAITUISHI。

LIJING91ZAIDEFENGYUXILI,ZHONGGUOTAIPINGYIFAZHANCHENGWEIYIJIAYONGYOU60YUWANMINGYUANGONG、24JIAZIGONGSIHE2000YUJIAGEJIYINGYEJIGOU、6000YIZONGZICHAN、ZONGBAOFEITUPO1500YIYUAN、GUANLIZICHANTUPO1WANYIYUANDEDAXINGKUAGUOJINRONGBAOXIANJITUAN,JINGYINGFANWEISHEJIZHONGGUONEIDI、ZHONGGUOXIANGGANG、ZHONGGUOAOMEN、BEIMEI、OUZHOU、DAYANGZHOU、DONGYAJIDONGNANYADENGGUOJIAHEDIQU,YEWUFANWEIHANGAISHOUXIAN、CAIXIAN、YANGLAOBAOXIAN、ZAIBAOXIAN、ZAIBAOXIANJINGJIJIBAOXIANDAILI、HULIANWANGBAOXIAN、ZICHANGUANLI、ZHENGQUANJINGJI、JINRONGZULIN、BUDONGCHANTOUZI、YANGLAOYILIAOJIANKANGCHANYETOUZIDENGLINGYU,YEWUZHONGLEIQIQUAN,WEIKEHUTIGONGYIZHANSHIZONGHEJINRONGBAOXIANFUWU。2018NIAN7YUE,ZHONGGUOTAIPINGBAOXIANJITUANGAOZHILIANGJINRU《CAIFU》SHIJIE500QIANG。

  结束语  

91NIANDEHUIHUANGLICHENGYUJIANXINSUIYUE,FUYULE“ZHONGGUOTAIPING”HOUZHONGDEWENHUADIYUN;ZHIGENYUBENTU,FAZHANYUHAIWAIDEDUTEJINGLI,CHENGJIULE“ZHONGGUOTAIPING”YUZHONGBUTONGDEQIYENEIHAN;JINRUXINSHIDAI,ZHONGGUOTAIPINGJIANGANZHAOXINFAZHANLINIANDEYAOQIU,YI“WEIWANSHIKAITAIPING”DEJINGJIE,YI“GONGXIANG”WEIJIBENYUANZE,YUKEHU、HUOBAN、GUDONG、YUANGONGYIJISHEHUIGONGZHONGYIDAO,QUANLIDAZAOJUYOUQUANQIUJINGZHENGLIDESHIJIEYILIUJINRONGBAOXIANQIYE,GONGTONGSHIXIAN“GONGXIANGTAIPING”DEMEIHAOYUANJING。

查看更多